How many types of risk are there to a financial institution?  In recent years the list has grown from patently quantifiable risks – market, credit, liquidity – into more nuanced forms of risk, such as conduct risk and systemic risk.  However, increasingly ambitious regulation and certain key legal decisions have brought with them a new


In May, the CFTC’s Bart Chilton characterised regulatory cost benefit analyses a “sword of Damocles” calling out for more qualitative data. Since then, multiple no-action letters and a court case against the SEC have shown that there are deep-seated issues with CBAs that regulators are having trouble keeping below the surface. For the SEC and


HFT: On the brink of definitive new controls?

Thanks to technological hiccup after technological hiccup, High Frequency Trading (HFT) remains a permanent fixture in the financial press. With each blip, regulators and politicians promise to regulate HFT, but how they are going to put effective controls in place is still an open question. Despite the noise, the issues with HFT remain the same.